Overview of Sightseeing tour in Kathmandu
Kathmandu valley sightseeing tour
Location: Kathmandu Valley
Duration: 2 days full sightseeing (1 day duration- 6 hr for sightseeing with city guide)
Pasupatinath temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Kathmandu. It’s existence dates back to 400B.C. The temple is located on the bank of the sacred Bagmati river. It is mainly known for the richly ornamented pagoda houses, the sacred linga or the holy symbol of Lord Shiva. This temple complex was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites’s list in 1979. It is include as one of the seven monument groups in UNESCO’s designation of Kathmandu Vally as a cultural heritage sites. It is also famous for the open air cremation, lots of monkeys and the sadhus. Sadhus are wandering ascetic yogis who are trying to acquire liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth by meditating in a very unique appearance with specific yellow painting on their bodies. One of the major festival of this temple is Maha Shivaratri on which day over one million devotees visit here.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur is an ancient Newa city in the east corner of the Kathmandu valley. It is the home of traditional art and architecture, historical monuments and craftworks, magnificent windows, fine clay pottery and weaving industries, rich local costume, culture, religion, festival, music, city height temples built in Pagoda style which is believed to be the stairway to the heaven also the massive royal courtyards whose existence date back to 12th century. It is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its rich culture, temple and wood, metal and stone artworks. It is still untouched as well as preserved ancient city which attract tourist by its beauty.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan is best known for its artistic heritage. Patan, also known as Lalitpur is situated across the Bagmati river. It is one of the three main ancient royal durbar squares in the Kathmandu Valley. It is full of Hindu temples and Buddhist monuments with bronze gateways, guardian deities and wonderful carving. The square is full of ancient places, temples and shrines noted for their exquisite carvings. The former royal palace complex is the center of Patan’s religious and social life and a museum containing array of bronze statues and religious objects. The square also holds old Newari residential houses. It is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is well worth at least a half day trip from Kathmandu.
In terms of grace and purity of line, no other stupa in Nepal comes close to Boudhanath. It is one of the largest unique structure’s stupas in the world. It is listed as a World Heritage Site in 1979 by UNESCO. It is an important place of pilgrimage and meditation for Tibetan Buddhists and local Nepalese as well as a popular tourist area. Tibetan merchants have rested and offered prayers here for many centuries. The form and the alternated squares and the circles represents a three dimensional mandala, which is comprised of abstract religious concepts. Every portion has symbolic significance: the base, dome, square harmika, spare, and pinnacle represents the five elements. There are other symbolic numbers as well: the nine level of Boudhnath stupa, center of the cosmos and the 13 rings from the base to the pinnacle which symbolize the path to enlightenment. Once a year the stupa gets a makeover. It is one of the most popular tourist site in Kathmandu.
Resting on a hillock 3 km west of Kathmandu, Swoyambhu also known as ‘’monkey temple’’ is one of the holiest Buddhist stupa in Nepal. Swoyambhu means self existent one. The stupa represent Buddha’s mind. To visit a stupa is said to be the same as meeting Buddha in person. It offers peace, freedom and joy to the whole world and ultimately and help us to obtain perfect enlightenment. The structure represents the four elements of earth, fire, wind and water. The 13 rings of the spire symbolize the 13 steps of the ladder leading to Nirvana. There are 365 steps passing through which you will reach the holy site of Swayambhunath stupa. A large number of Buddhists and Hindus alike visit here throughout the day. The shrines are perhaps the best place to observe religious harmony Nepal. The largest crowd of people are seen here on Buddha’s birthday which usually falls in May each year. It is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.